Platinum is a precious metal that belongs to the group of heavy platinum metals. Its chemical symbol is Pt and its atomic number is 78. Platinum has a silver-white color and is a hard, malleable and malleable metal. Platinum has a density of 21.45 g/cm3 and melts at a temperature of 1768.3 °C.

Platinum has a variety of uses. It is used in the chemical industry to manufacture acid-proof equipment, catalysts, electronic components and laboratory equipment. Platinum is also used in medicine, especially in dental technology and in the treatment of cancer.

Platinum is also used in jewelry making and is highly sought after due to its high luster and durability. Platinum is often used in the form of wedding and engagement rings and has become increasingly popular as a jewelry metal.

Platinum is also an important component in catalysts, along with other precious metals such as palladium, rhodium and iridium. Platinum is mainly used to reduce harmful emissions from vehicles and industrial activities.

Unlike palladium, platinum is rare and occurs mainly in South Africa, Russia and Canada. Due to its limited supply and high demand, the price of platinum is relatively high.

In conclusion, platinum is an important metal used in many fields, including chemical industry, medicine and jewelry making. Its high demand and limited supply make it a valuable and sought-after metal.